Salmon populations have drastically decreased over the past few decades. Atlantic salmon spawn in fresh water, generally in the river where they were born. Juveniles spend 1-8 years in fresh water before migrating to salt water in the North Atlantic. After staying at sea for 1-4 years, adults return to fresh water to spawn. Salmon rivers are generally clear, cool and well oxygenated, with gravel, cobble and boulder substrates and are a part of the Mi’kmaq people’s diet.
Where to find this species
Atlantic salmon migrate thousands of miles during their lifetime. They live in both freshwater and saltwater habitats. The heaviest Atlantic Salmon ever recorded weighed just over 100 lbs (45 kg)!