Pabineau First Nation (Oinpegitjoig) is located 8 kilometres south of Bathurst, along the Nepisiguit River and adjacent to the Pabineau Falls.

The population is 326 people, and the community is comprised of lands totaling approximately 429 hectares.

Plants/medicines that can be found include salmon, eels, blueberries, black ash, birch, spruce, maple tree, cedar, muskrat root, fiddleheads, cattails.  Beaver, black bear, eagle, mallard duck, moose, porcupine and wood turtle can be found here. Caribou were present until the 1930s but are extirpated.