Blueberries grow only in highly acidic and well-drained but moist soils in areas with cool climates. The plants are deciduous perennial shrubs that range in size from 60 centimetres (24 inches). The plants produce clusters of small urn-shaped flowers that range in colour from white to pale pink.
The fruits are true berries with many small seeds and are a deep indigo to black colour when ripe. Hailed as a “superfood,” blueberries are an excellent source of dietary fibre, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, iron and a number of antioxidants. Mi’kmaq people have always eaten them and also use blueberries as a dye.
Where to find this species
Blueberries freeze in just 4 minutes.